Recessive Mutations

Deutsch Violet

Story of the Deutsch Violet, by Eddie Crutchley,February 2007

During the past three or four years Richard and I have been able to visit and be involved in the German Chinchilla scene, thanks to the kind auspices of our friend Claudia Mooser. We have been in close contact with the chinchilla as we have been allowed to stand and assist the judges, which has been a privilege indeed. Most of the Judges spoke little English and our German was poor, but we did manage to convey our thoughts to each other through signs and expression, together with later translations from Claudia.

During our first visit I was intrigued by two animals whose colour I had not seen before and upon enquiry was informed that they were 'Deutsch Violets'. At this first show, they were included in with the Afro or Sullivan Violets with which we are all familiar. At more recent shows there have been more entries (minimum 5 make a class) and they have been separated into classes of their own. Our last two visits have resulted in us bringing back several selected animals with which we are hoping to introduce to the membership in due time. However, it is necessary for our Judges to have first sight of them, which we hope to do in the not too distant future.

We have bred several animals carrying this recessive characteristic and they have done remarkably well when shown, including 1sts and Special ribbon winners to date. They are a strong, virile and have an upfront attitude which may be down to the standard animals which have been used by Herr Lehmann in their development. It is early days as yet but we see no significant weaknesses at present. Should we again attend a show in Germany we will bring further personally selected animals back with us to help broaden the genetic pool, though as in all forms of livestock the pedigrees indicate the 'source'; of the quality in the present generation.

The History

The earliest known Deutsch Violets were bred by a Rolf Haupt who was a professional breeder of chinchilla in the Frankfurt area of Germany. These were being bred in the late 1970’s and very early 1980's and although known of, were not acknowledged to be a distinct mutation at that time. There is some speculation in Germany that the mutation came from Britain. I have contacted some of the older members of our chinchilla fraternity about this and the consensus is that to their knowledge no such mutation appeared here. It may of course have been that animals carrying this recessive characteristic were exported to Germany which could explain why nobody was aware of them.

Circa 1980 Rolf Haupt became ill and his stock was sold to a chinchilla co-operative known as MSZ, they dealt with both live and dead chinchilla and associated equipment and foods. MSZ was one of the largest chinchilla co-operatives in Europe at this time. The manager of MSZ, Herr Rehner an Agricultural Engineer, became interested in the mutation and alerted the joint owners Friedhelm Schmall and Herr Walter to their commercial possibilities. Some further breeding of Deutsch Violets was continued at MSZ by Friedhelm Schmall who also bred Afro-Violets (Sullivan Violets) and it is probably he who named this mutation Deutsch Violet to distinguish between them. I am guessing that it was Schmall who mated the two violet mutations together to determine that they were a separate mutation, which was confirmed by only breeding standards from such a mating. It was he who warned not to mate these two mutations together, this in order to not intermingle two separate recessive mutations (This had been done in the past by mixing the various Charcoal like mutations). Latterly this mating has been repeated, with the same results.

The Deutsch Violet mutation was now a recognised mutation in Germany, so much so that they were offered at the price of a small family car which was a huge amount to ask at the time. So far as is known, only three people bought them, an elderly unnamed man who bought only single animals periodically and which did not breed on. A lady from the Karlsruhe area who showed them for a time but again this pocket of animals petered out. The third and relatively most successful was a van driver from Kehl near Strasburg. He took out a loan to purchase five animals from MSZ, for whom he delivered goods regularly. He was also building a house for which he also had a loan. He was away from home for long periods of time delivering all over Europe but mainly in Switzerland, while his wife looked after the chinchillas. This situation was obviously not the best for either owner or chinchillas and something had eventually to snap. The break occurred when his wife became pregnant and could no longer manage the chinchilla herd on her own. This is the point at which Herr Lehmann entered the world of the Deutsch Violet as he purchased the remaining stock from the van driver at much less than the original price.

Herr Lehmann had met the chap from Kehl at a three day seminar held at MSZ in 1984 and they had become friends. They attended a show at Wengen during 1986/7 season, when Herr Lehmann showed an Ebony and his friend, the Deutsch Violets. Herr Lehmann won with the Ebony but the Deutsch Violets did not do well. This rather cooled the relationship, however when the Deutsch Violets were to be sold they were offered to Herr Lehmann, two males and one female around 1987/8. One of the males was sold on but was regained later to fit into the breeding programme.

Herr Lehmann had been trading pet animals with MSZ for some time and in 1992 they came upon a cash flow problem. In order to settle the account they offered him four Deutsch Violets in lieu and this offer was accepted. These, together with those from the van driver, were the foundation of the Lehmann Deutsch Violets.

When asked about the quality of these original animals Herr Lehmann stated, 'They were ratty with long soft fur which was open and had little density'. He embarked on a five year breeding programme to improve them, originally breeding to Standard animals then Carrier x Carrier and later Deutsch Violet x Carrier. It was very fortunate that high quality Standard animals were already available in the Lehmann stock. At present all of the matings mentioned are used but a large number of matings are now Deutsch Violet x Deutsch Violet. I know that the plan is now to try to move them a further step forward and increased use of quality Standard animals is being undertaken.

I have 'spoken' to several breeders in Germany and they have great praise for the work done by Herr Lehmann on this mutation. Due to his persistence they are now becoming increasingly popular, though there are still very few breeders in Germany with more than one or two pairs. There is at least one breeder in Holland who has a few of them.

 

Genetics of the Deutsch Violet

The Deutsch Violet is a simple recessive Mutation, similar to the Charcoal, Sullivan Violet and Larsen Sapphire, which only shows itself fully in the Homozygous state. A Heterozygous Deutsch Violet, or a 'Deutsch Violet Carrier' will resemble whatever the 'base' colouration the animal is which carries the single Deutsch Violet gene. If this was a Standard, the chinchilla would look like a Standard, etc, etc

When mating a Deutsch Violet to a Sullivan Violet, Standard progeny are produced, proving that the Deutsch Violet is a different Mutation to the Sullivan or Afro Violet. The pictures below show a Sullivan Violet with a Deutsch Violet. The darker chin is the Deutsch Violet...

Where dvdv = Homozygous Deutsch Violet

Where DVdv = Heterozygous Deutsch Violet (A Deutsch Violet Carrier)

Where DVDV = Standard

Punnet Square for

Deutsch Violet x Standard

dv

dv

DV

DVdv - Standard Deutsch Violet Carrier

DVdv - Standard Deutsch Violet Carrier

DV

DVdv - Standard Deutsch Violet Carrier

DVdv - Standard Deutsch Violet Carrier

 

Punnet Square for

Deutsch Violet x Standard Deutsch Violet Carrier

dv

dv

dv

dvdv - Deutsch Violet

dvdv - Deutsch Violet

DV

DVdv - Standard Deutsch Violet Carrier

DVdv - Standard Deutsch Violet Carrier

 

Punnet Square for

Standard Deutsch Violet Carrier x Standard Deutsch Violet Carrier

dv

DV

dv

dvdv - Deutsch Violet

DVdv - Standard Deutsch Violet Carrier

DV

DVdv - Standard Deutsch Violet Carrier

DVDV - Standard

 

 

Breeding Deutsch Violets

We have only just undertaken breeding Deutsch Violets over the last two years, and to date have produced some very good, and high award winning Standard carriers. The breeding programme has recently been boosted by the importation of a few more animals, and we hope in the coming years to launch this new Mutation onto the UK show scene.

 

Combinations of Mutations with the Deutsch Violet

The Deutsch Violet has been bred for over 20 years, and to date has only been crossed with the Sullivan Violet on occasion, to prove they are not the same Mutation, but more readily with the Black Velvet Mutation. I this state they are known as 'Deutsch Violet Velvets', although naming convention in the UK would probably lend such a Mutation to be known as 'Ultra Deutsch Violets'. Some of the different 'blends' of colour combinations are listed below;

Click on the links to see pictures where available in our 'Mutation Combinations' section of this Website

Combination

Known as in UK

Known as in US

Description of the Combination

Seen on UK Show tables?

Black Velvet + Deutsch Violet

Ultra-Deutsch-Violet

Not Yet Known

Ultra Deutsch Violets are darker versions of the Deutsch Violet animal, due to the combination with the Black Velvet gene. They possess characteristics of the Black Velvet such as paw spats and a roman nose, and have white belly fur. Depending on the colour phase of Deutsch Violet used to breed them, they can be of similar colour phase to dark Deutsch Violets.

Not exhibited

 

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